FIS/03 (MATERIAL PHYSICS)
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS
FISICA DELLA MATERIA
2nd semester (01/03/2017 - 16/06/2017)
48 lesson hours
Basic notions of quantum physics, that will be recalled at the beginning of the course.
Learning of fundamental theoretical concepts related to the physics of quantum computation.
The course deals with the main developments in the theory of quantum computation and communications. The main topics are: Basic notions of the theory of computational complexity. Logic gates and networks. Quantum computation: single qubit gates and two-qubit gates. Universal quantum gates. Quantum algorithms: Deutsch, Deutsch-Jozsa, Simon, Grover, Shor. Introduction to the theory of quantum error correction. Superdense coding and quantum teleportation. Basic notions of classical cryptography and introduction to quantum cryptography. Introduction to entanglement theory. Separability criteria and techiques for distillation and detection of entanglement. Entanglement in quantum algorithms. One-way quantum computation.
Reccomended or required readings
I.L. Chuang and M.A. Nielsen, Quantum Information and Quantum Computation, Cambridge University Press (Cambridge UK 2000).
Sustainable development goals - Agenda 2030