CHIM/03 (GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY)
DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY "LAZZARO SPALLANZANI"
(01/10/2021 - 14/01/2022)
84 lesson hours
The course has no prerequisites. The teaching includes an initial part in which basic chemical information are provided.
General and Inorganic Chemistry Module. The main objective of the module is to provide the student a suitable background knowledge, both theoretical and practical, of General Chemistry to understand natural matter and its manifestations at the microscopical level. The properties of main group elements of the periodic system will also briefly described.
Laboratory of General and Inorganic Chemistry Module. This module aims to illustrate basic chemical techniques with particular focus on those with more biotechnological interest.
General and Inorganic Chemistry Module.
Atomic structure. Properties of elements and compounds. The periodic system. Definition of mole and other chemical quantities. Chemical reactions. The chemical bond. Geometry of molecules and VSEPR theory. Hybrid orbitals. Intermolecular interactions and the aggregation of matter. Energy, heat, and enthalpy. Changes of physical states of matter. Solution properties and equilibria in solution. Acids and bases. Oxidation and reduction reactions. Basic thermodynamics: entropy and free energy. Chemical kinetics. Chemical catalysts. Electrochemistry. Chemistry of main group elements: Hydrogen and its compounds; Group VII: the halogens; Group VI: oxygen and sulfur; Group V: nitrogen and phosphorous; Group IV: carbon; Group III: boron.
Laboratory of General and Inorganic Chemistry Module.
The main topics covered are as follows: examples of redox reactions; stoichiometric calculations; acids and bases; pH calculation for acids, bases and buffer solutions; potentiometric techniques for the pH determination; measurement of pH; glass electrode; introduction to spectroscopy (UV/Vis and infrared).
The study of these issues will be explored through the following laboratory experiments: quantitative determination of substances by acid - base and redox titrations; potentiometric determination of Ka of a weak acid; determination of the rate reaction and order of reaction for various reagents in a chemical reaction. The laboratory practicals are mandatory.
The course includes weekly seminaries on stoichiometric calculations.
Recorded lessons will be made available on G-Drive.
Laboratory attendance is mandatory
Reccomended or required readings
1) Lecture notes
2) Kotz, Treichel, Townsend, Chimica, EdiSES
3) Atkins, Jones, Chimica Generale, Zanichelli
The final exam will be written and will include questions on the theory, stoichiometry problems and issues covered in the laboratory module.
The students must prepare a report on the laboratory experiments.
Sustainable development goals - Agenda 2030