NEUROCITOLOGY AND NEUROISTOLOGY
Stampa
Enrollment year
2021/2022
Academic year
2021/2022
Regulations
DM270
Academic discipline
BIO/06 (COMPARATIVE ANATOMY AND CYTOLOGY)
Department
DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY "LAZZARO SPALLANZANI"
Course
NEUROBIOLOGY
Curriculum
PERCORSO COMUNE
Year of study
Period
2nd semester (01/03/2022 - 14/06/2022)
ECTS
6
Lesson hours
48 lesson hours
Language
Italian
Activity type
WRITTEN TEST
Teacher
BOTTONE MARIA GRAZIA (titolare) - 6 ECTS
Prerequisites
Knowledge of cell biology and histology
Learning outcomes
The course provides an indepth discussion of morphology and morphofunctional specializations of the cellular types of the nervous tissue, the cellular infrastructures and its molecular correlates, and cytoarchitectonic organization of the central nervous system.
Course contents
In particular, the subjects examined are the following:
1) Types of neurons, morphology. The organelles of the soma and their function. The cytoplasmic extensions. The buttons terminals and electrical and chemical synapses. The axonal transport.
2) The glial cells. Astrocytes: types and main functions, the molecular mechanisms involved in neuronal migration guided by radial glia, the formation of the blood-brain barrier, control of synaptic transmission, regulation of synaptogenesis, generation of new neurons. Oligodendrocytes types and functions. Formation of myelin sheaths. NG2 cells: morphology, types and functions. Microglia: histogenesis.
3) The system of the meninges and choroid plexus.
4) Organization of neurons and glial cells in the formation of nervous tissue. Examples of cytoarchitecture in areas of the central nervous system.
Teaching methods
lections and seminars
Reccomended or required readings
Texts that can be used for exam preparation:
- Material provided directly by the teacher
- Purves et al.: "Biologia: La cellula" Zanichelli, Bologna
- Purves et al.: "Neuroscienze" Zanichelli, Bologna
General reference texts:
- Alberts et al. "Biologia molecolare della cellula,", Zanichelli, Bologna
- Wolfe "Biologia molecolare e cellulare" EdiSES
Assessment methods
Two written tests "in itinere", ALTERNATIVE written exam on topics of neurocytology and neurohistology.
Further information
Two written tests "in itinere", ALTERNATIVE written exam on topics of neurocytology and neurohistology.
Sustainable development goals - Agenda 2030