ING-INF/02 (ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS)
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL,COMPUTER AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
Space Communication and Sensing
1st semester (27/09/2021 - 21/01/2022)
58 lesson hours
Knowledge of electromagnetic field theory and microwave circuits, basic knowledge of antennas.
The course is taught in English. The course aim to present the techniques for the measurement and characterization of circuits and antennas for applications in the microwave frequency band. The student will basically learn how to select the most appropriate instruments and components to organize a measurement setup for a given circuit. Moreover, he/she will be able to conduct autonomously some standard measures.
The course will address the following topics:
- Component and devices for microwave measurements: directional couplers, circulators, attenuators, matching circuits, matched loads, filters and waveguides. In the course the main characteristics of connectors, cables, waveguides and transitions/connectors are presented.
- Frequency and signal generators.
- Power measurement: bolometers, thermistors and diode detectors.
- Fundamentals of the Spectrum analyzer: working principles and block diagram and technical specifications. Some practical and specific examples of usage of the instrument are analyzed.
- VNA (Vector Network Analyzer): working principle, block diagram and calibration techniques (SOLT, TRL).
- Antenna measurement: the topic is subdivided in two main parts; indoor (anechoic chamber) and outdoor measurements. Both the far field and near field measurement (planar, cylindrical, spherical scan) are analyzed.
- Material Characterization at microwave: several approaches aim at characterizing dielectric materials at microwave are presented as: coaxial probe, trasmission/reflection method, antenna method, cavity resonators.
- Basics of dosimetry:
The basics of microwave dosimetry are introduced with some highlights on the SAR measurements and ICNIRP specifications.
Lectures (hours/year in lecture theatre): 30
Practical class (hours/year in lecture theatre): 20
Practicals / Workshops (hours/year in lecture theatre): 15
Reccomended or required readings
Provided by the teacher. The slides are complemented with various connections to text books and Internet links.
The student can decide to prepare a short presentation about his/her favorite topic of the course. In any case, the second part of the exam comprises some questions about the overall course.
The minimum score to pass the exam is 18/30, the maximum score is 30/30 cum laude.
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