BIO/19 (GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY)
DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY "LAZZARO SPALLANZANI"
1st semester (01/10/2021 - 14/01/2022)
48 lesson hours
Principles of Genetics and Biochemistry.
To understand the role of microrganisms in the enviroment, in human health/diseses and in biotechnology.
Microbiology as basic and applied science. The golden era of Microbiology. Fields of modern Microbiology. The scientific method. Prokaryotic cell: structure and function.
Differences between prokaryotic and eukaryiotic cells. Microbiological techniques: microscopy, staining and media. Methods of sterilization. Determination of bacterial growth. Energy production by bacteria: fermetation, aerobic and anaerobic respiration, oxygen and anoxygen photosynthesis.
Examples of bacteria with different metabolism. The control of metabolic activity: feed-back, transcriptional and post-transcriptionalregulation.
The origin of life and the experiment of S. Miller.
Principles of taxonomy.
Archaea and principal gropus of bacteria.
Antibiotics: mechanism of action and of resistance.
Phages and genetic recombination. Phages as new tool to combact the multidrug resistan strains.
Reccomended or required readings
(Autori Wessner et al.) (Casa Editrice Ambrosiana)
The student can choose between oral or written exam.
Sustainable development goals - Agenda 2030