ANALITICAL CHEMISTRY OF POLLUTANTS
Stampa
Enrollment year
2020/2021
Academic year
2021/2022
Regulations
DM270
Academic discipline
CHIM/01 (ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY)
Department
DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY "LAZZARO SPALLANZANI"
Course
EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED BIOLOGY
Curriculum
Biologia ambientale e biodiversità
Year of study
Period
1st semester (01/10/2021 - 14/01/2022)
ECTS
6
Lesson hours
48 lesson hours
Language
Italian
Activity type
ORAL TEST
Teacher
STURINI MICHELA (titolare) - 5 ECTS
CANOVA LUCA - 1 ECTS
Prerequisites
Knowledge of the topics covered in the following courses: General and Inorganic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Analytical Chemistry.
Learning outcomes
The aim of the course is to introduce students to the major chemical and physico-chemical processes occurring both in natural and impacted environments, and some advanced oxidation processes for water depollution from emerging contaminants. The course will be implemented with insights about pollution effects on individuals, populations and communities, on tissues and organs, from cellular to physiological-behavioral level.
Course contents
Water: physico-chemical properties of water and bodies of water. Aquatic life. Aquatic cycle. Aquatic chemistry: redox processes, complexation and chelation, precipitation and solubilization reactions. Colloidal particles. Polyphosphates in water and eutrophication. Soil. Inorganic components of soil. Organic matter in soil: humic and fulvic acids. Clays. Sediments. Water pollution effects on the general functioning and physiology of living organisms. A case study: alteration of reproductive behavior in fish.
Atmosphere: atmospheric composition. Ozone. Gaseous inorganic air pollutants: natural, anthropogenic, primary and secondary. Particulate matter. Acid rain. Greenhouse effect. Photochemical smog. Global climatic change. Air pollution effects: oxidative stress on birds and mammals, offspring survival and reduction of reproductive fitness.
Heavy metals: essential and/or toxic, extraction, use and disposal. Pesticides and natural product insecticides, chemical characterization, toxic effects, bioaccumulation and biomagnification.
AOM purification methods. Pharmaceuticals as emerging pollutants. Bioremediation of contaminated soil. Photodegradation: main photochemical decompositions and their role in remediation. Heavy metal pollution effects: bioaccumulation of methylmercury in predatory fish.
Endocrine disruptors effects on top predators and man.
Teaching methods
Lectures
Reccomended or required readings
S.E. Manahan “Chimica dell’ambiente”, Piccin 2000
C. Baird, “Chimica Ambientale”, Zanichelli 2006
L. Campanella, M.E. Conti, “L’ambiente:conoscerlo e proteggerlo”, Carocci editore 2010
C.H. Walzer, R.M. Sibly, S.P Hopkin, D.B. Peakall, “Principles of ecotoxicology”, CRC Press 2012
Assessment methods
Oral exam about the topics of the course lectures.
Further information
Oral exam about the topics of the course lectures.
Sustainable development goals - Agenda 2030
Goals: 4,6,13,14,15
The goals