Università di Pavia - Offerta formativa

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND ROCKS

Anno immatricolazione

2018/2019

Anno offerta

2019/2020

Normativa

DM270

SSD

GEO/06 (MINERALOGIA)

Dipartimento

DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE DELLA TERRA E DELL'AMBIENTE

Corso di studio

SCIENZE GEOLOGICHE APPLICATE

Curriculum

PERCORSO COMUNE

Anno di corso

2°

Periodo didattico

Primo Semestre (01/10/2019 - 15/01/2020)

Crediti

6

Ore

48 ore di attività frontale

Lingua insegnamento

INGLESE

Tipo esame

SCRITTO

Docente

Prerequisiti

A basic knowledge at the undergraduate level is required of symmetry, crystal structure and composition of minerals, and of the analytical methods used in geology (microprobe, diffraction and spectroscopies) to measure them. The course will be taught at a level suitable for masters students in all fields of geology.

Obiettivi formativi

The science of geology makes use of the known physical properties of rocks to interpret seismic data and to predict the risk of natural hazards. This course will show how the properties of rocks, from density to seismic wave velocities depend on the properties of the constituent minerals. The first part of the course will relate mineral properties to mineral structures. The second part of the course will show how these properties change with pressure and temperature, and how they can be measured.

During the course, students will also learn how to apply the following mathematical concepts and methods to determining and understanding crystal structures and properties:

• Scalars, vectors and matrices, and vector-matrix algebra

• The concept of measurement uncertainties (estimated standard deviations, probability density functions) and how to combine them to estimate uncertainties in a result

• Concept of significant digits

• Linear least-squares fitting of data, and evaluation of results

• Non-linear least-squares fitting of data, and evaluation of results

During the course, students will also learn how to apply the following mathematical concepts and methods to determining and understanding crystal structures and properties:

• Scalars, vectors and matrices, and vector-matrix algebra

• The concept of measurement uncertainties (estimated standard deviations, probability density functions) and how to combine them to estimate uncertainties in a result

• Concept of significant digits

• Linear least-squares fitting of data, and evaluation of results

• Non-linear least-squares fitting of data, and evaluation of results

Programma e contenuti

The relationship between symmetry, structure, and physical properties like density, enthalpy and entropy

Concept of P and T and Phase equilibria

Gibbs free energy

Phase rule

Structure variation with pressure

PVT Equations of state, including fitting PV data.

Contribution of VdP to Gibbs free energy

Elastic geobarometry

Concept of P and T and Phase equilibria

Gibbs free energy

Phase rule

Structure variation with pressure

PVT Equations of state, including fitting PV data.

Contribution of VdP to Gibbs free energy

Elastic geobarometry

Metodi didattici

Lectures

Testi di riferimento

I riferimenti bibliografici saranno indicati dal docente durante le lezioni

Modalità verifica apprendimento

In-course question sheets and written exam

Altre informazioni